Summary National Data
National Disability Prevalence
According to the 2019 census, 2.2% (0.9 million people) of Kenyans live with some form of disability. This data is markedly lower than the 2009 census which reported a national disability prevalence of 3.5% and the World Bank estimate of 15%. These differences are largely due to data collection methodologies. In terms of Gender, the 2019 census indicates that 1.9% of men have a disability compared with 2.5% of women. For comparison, the 2009 census reported 3.4% of men and 3.5% of women had a disability.
The 2019 census reports that majority of PWDs are those who have mobility challenges (400,000). They represent 42% of people with disabilities. The other domains of disability – seeing, hearing, cognition, self-care and communication – are experienced by between 36% and 12% of people with disabilities. Albinism is experienced by 0.02% of Kenya’s population
A deeper look at the data shows that the highest prevalence rates of disability were recorded in Embu county (4.4%), followed by Homa Bay (4.3%), Makueni (4.1%), Siaya (4.1%) and Kisumu counties (4%). Other project County data shows that Nairobi has a prevalence of 1.1%, Kajiado has a prevelence of 1.1%.
Nairobi County is home to 4,397,073 (KNBS, 2019) Kenyans and controls over 30% of Kenyan GDP.
Perosns with Disabilities
From the National census of 2019, Nairobi has a disability prevalence of 1.1%. This is about 48,368 Persons with Disabilities. Available data does not provide data on gender and disability type. The County Department of Education, Youth Affairs, Sports, Culture and social services oversees disability.
Nairobi County has the highest budget among all counties in Kenya. In the 2019-2020 financial budget, the County had total revenue of 34.4 billion shillings and expenditure of KES 35.284 billion. Of this, only 10.993 Billion shillings went to development/capital expenditure.
The County Budget in the development expenditure of the Department of Education, Youth Affairs, Sports, Culture and Social Services has no budget line for disability.
There is minimal public engagement for persons with disabilities. Main challenges include:
- Access to information and feedback
- County staff have not been trained on hoiw to improve access to services for PWDs
- Legislation and enforcement challenges
Overall, there is no data on County Budgets specifically for PWDs. In almost all counties, this data is hidden inside several budget lines. The visualization project focused on the department of Social services and compared budgets available cumulatively. Results show that Kwale County has the highest budgets in the Department of Social Services and talent Management, followed by Makueni, Kajiado and finally Kitui. Nairobi has been left out because on their budgets there is no information on disability and this was confirmed by the County itself.
Makueni County has a specific budget for Disability. In Kwale County, the Budget for Social Services and talent management is not clear, like in Kajiado and Kitui, on the specific budget available for PWDs. Indeed in Kitui, the budget available is in Education.
The Public Participation project is using Social design to develop solutions for including PWDs in County Governance processes.